The majority of students at Mimili are Anangu and their first language is Pitjantjatjara or Yankunytjatjara, as this is usually the language spoken at home. The students are only formally introduced to English when they start school.
A significant factor for Anangu Communities and Schools is the transient nature of the population. The School can have students who attend for periods of days or weeks and then return to their home communities.
The Anangu people tend to live in family groups within Mimili Anangu Community or on their Homelands.